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Potassium fluoride is used in organic chemistry as a fluorinating agent to replace other halide ions like chorine, bromine etc. It is used as a catalyst in the manufacture of polyurethanes. Further, it is widely used for etching of glass, in disinfectant formulations and manufacture of optical glass. It is used in metal finishing, batteries, coatings and photographic chemicals. It is utilized for the study of ion-specific swelling and de-swelling of ampholytic polymer gels as well as in the measurement of electronic polarizabilities of ions in polymers of alkali halides. It finds application in the electronic industry as a metal surface treatment product. It is used as a preservative, a food additive, a catalyzer and a water absorbing agent. In the Finkelstein reaction, it is actively involved in the conversion of chlorocarbons to fluorocarbons using polar solvents like dimethyl formamide and ethylene glycol.
Liu, F.; Yu, J.; Song, Y.; Shan, D.; Han, E. H. Effect of potassium fluoride on the in-situ sealing pores of plasma electrolytic oxidation film on AM50 Mg alloy. Mater. Chem. Phys. 2015, 162, 452-460.
Maleki, B.; Sheikh, S. One-pot Synthesis of 2-Amino-2-chromene and 2-Amino-3-cyano-4H-pyran Derivatives Promoted by Potassium Fluoride. Org. Prep. Proced. Int. 2015, 47 (5), 368-378.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H301-H311-H331
Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Toxic if inhaled.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P261-P280h-P301+P310a-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/clothing. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.