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Nitric acid, 65-70% is used in as a nitrating or an oxidizing agent in organic synthesis. It is industrially used for the manufacturing of fertilizers. Further, it finds use in manufacture of explosives, nylon precursors, specialty organic compounds and drug intermediates.It is also used as a chemical doping agent for organic semiconductors, and in purification processes for raw carbon nanotubes, artificially age pine and maple. It is indirectly used as an oxidizer in liquid-fueled rockets for determining trace level metals in solutions.
Ningshen, S.; Sakairi, M.; Suzuki, K.; Okuno, T. Corrosion performance and surface analysis of Ti-Ni-Pd-Ru-Cr alloy in nitric acid solution. Corros. Sci. 2015, 91, 120-128.
Tai, Y.; Peng, X.; Shi, C.; Dong, X. Zeolite-assisted nitration of biphenyl using nitric acid. Res. Chem. Intermed. 2015, 41 (2), 867-872.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H272-H330-H314-H318
May intensify fire; oxidizer. Fatal if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P221-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P320-P405-P501a
Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.