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Tin(IV) chloride is a precursor to prepare organotin compounds such as tetralkyltin and dialkyldichlorotin(IV), which find applications as catalysts and polymer stabilizers. As a Lewis acid catalyst, it is used in Fridel-Crafts reactions for alkylation and cyclization. It is involved in the selective nitration of aromatic compounds in the presence of fuming nitric acid. Furthermore, it is used to prepare tin(IV) oxide coating by sol-gel process.
Selvi, T.; Srinivasan, K. Synthesis of 2, 4, 5-trisubstituted oxazoles through tin(IV) chloride-mediated reaction of trans-2-aryl-3-nitro-cyclopropane-1, 1-dicarboxylates with nitriles. Chem. Commun. 2014, 50 (74), 10845-10848.
Hennings, E.; Schmidt, H.; Voigt, W. Crystal structure of tin(IV) chloride octahydrate. Acta Crystallogr., Sect. E: Struct. Rep. Online 2014, E70, 480-482.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H314-H318
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.