Sodium cyanide is used as a starting material for the preparation of Reissert compounds, cyanogen bromide, cyanuric chloride and cyanogen chloride. It acts as a catalyst for the aminolysis of esters to primary amides. Furthermore, it is used for fumigation, in electroplating and for extracting gold and silver in mining industry. In organic synthesis, it is involved in the cyanation reaction of alkyl halides under phase transfer conditions.
Soleimani, E.; Khodaei, M. M.; Batooie, N.; Baghbanzadeh, M. Water-prompted synthesis of alkyl nitrile derivatives via Knoevenagel condensation and Michael addition reaction. Green Chem. 2011, 13 (3), 566-569.
Kreuzer, H. W.; Horita, J.; Moran, J. J.; Tomkins, B. A.; Janszen, D. B.; Carman, A. Stable Carbon and Nitrogen Isotope Ratios of Sodium and Potassium Cyanide as a Forensic Signature. J. Forensic. Sci. 2012, 57 (1), 75-79.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H290-H300-H310-H330-H372
May be corrosive to metals. Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P301+P310a-P304+P340-P320-P330-P405-P501a
IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). Rinse mouth. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.