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Triethylamine is a base used to prepare esters and amides from acyl chlorides as well as in the synthesis of quaternary ammonium compounds. It acts as a catalyst in the formation of urethane foams and epoxy resins, dehydrohalogeantion reactions, acid neutralizers for condensation reactions and Swern oxidations. It finds application in reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) as a mobile-phase modifier. It is also used as an accelerator activator for rubber, as a propellant, as a corrosion inhibitor, as a curing and hardening agent for polymers and for the desalination of seawater. Furthermore, it is used in the automotive casting industry and the textile industry.
Gui, Y.; Zhao, J.; Wang, W.; Tian, J.; Zhao, M. Synthesis of hemispherical WO3/graphene nanocomposite by a microwave-assisted hydrothermal method and the gas-sensing properties to triethylamine. Mater. Lett. 2015, 155, 4-7.
Wang, J.; Chen, N.; Xu, J. Diastereoselectivity in the triethylamine-catalyzed sulfa-Michael addition of thiols to nitroalkenes: kinetic and thermodynamic control. Tetrahedron 2015, 71 (23), 4007-4014.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H225-H302-H312-H332-H314
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Harmful if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.