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1493-13-6 - Trifluoromethanesulfonic acid, 98+% - Triflic acid - A10173 - Alfa Aesar

A10173 Trifluoromethanesulfonic acid, 98+%

Codice CAS
1493-13-6
Sinonimi
Triflic acid

Dimensioni Prezzo ($) Quantità Disponibilità
10g 21,22
50g 70,86
250g 268,20
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Trifluoromethanesulfonic acid, 98+%

MDL
MFCD00007514
EINECS
216-087-5

Proprietà chimiche

Formula
CHF3O3S
Peso formula
150.07
Punto di fusione
-40°
Punto di ebollizione
161-162°
Punto di infiammabilità
None
Densità
1.708
Indice di rifrazione
1.3270
Sensibilità
Hygroscopic
Solubilità
Miscible with water, dimethyl sulfoxide, dimethyl formamide and acetonitrile.

Applicazioni

Trifluoromethanesulfonic acid acts as a catalyst for esterification reactions and an acidic titrant in nonaqueous acid-base titration. It is useful in protonations due to the presence of conjugate base triflate is non nucleophilic. It serves as a deglycosylation agent for glycoproteins. In addition, it is a precursor and a catalyst in organic chemistry. It reacts with acyl halides to prepare mixed triflate anhydrides, which are strong acylating agents used in Friedel-Crafts reactions. It acts as a key starting material for the preparation of ethers and olefins by reacting with alcohols as well as to prepare trifluoromethanesulfonic anhydride by dehydration reaction.

Note

Hygroscopic. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, water and metals.

Letteratura

One of the strongest available monoprotic acids. For a review of the chemistry of triflic acid and its derivatives, see: Chem. Rev., 77, 69 (1977).

Simple triflic esters, readily prepared by reaction with alcohols, are powerful alkylating agents and must be handled with extreme care because of their irritating effect on the lungs. For a review, see: Synthesis, 85 (1982).

For use in direct electrophilic amination of arenes, see Trimethyl­silyl­ azide, L00173. Effects direct oxy-functionalization of aromatics in combination with bis(TMS) peroxide: J. Org. Chem., 54, 1204 (1989); or sodium perborate: Synlett, 39 (1991).

Adds to both internal and terminal alkynes to give vinyl triflates: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 91, 4600 (1969); Org. Synth. Coll., 9, 472 (1998). Reaction in the presence of a nitrile provides a route to sterically hindered 2,4,6-trisubstituted pyrimidines: Synthesis, 881 (1990):

Murashige, R.; Ohtsuka, Y.; Sagisawa, K.; Shiraishi, M. Versatile synthesis of 3, 4-dihydroisoquinolin-1 (2H)-one derivatives via intra-molecular Friedel-Crafts reaction with trifluoromethanesulfonic acid. Tetrahedron Lett. 2015, 56 (23), 3410-3412.

Imai, S.; Kikui, H.; Moriyama, K.; Togo, H. One-pot preparation of 2, 5-disubstituted and 2, 4, 5-trisubstituted oxazoles from aromatic ketones with molecular iodine, oxone, and trifluoromethanesulfonic acid in nitriles. Tetrahedron 2015, 71 (33), 5267-5274.

Rischio GHS e dichiarazioni precauzionali

Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H314-H318-H302-H335-H402-H412

Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. Harmful if swallowed. May cause respiratory irritation. Harmful to aquatic life. Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P260-P261-P273-P280-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P304+P340-P405-P501a

Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Avoid release to the environment. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Altri riferimenti

Merck
14,9676
Beilstein
1812100
Classe di rischio
8
Gruppo di imballaggio
II
Codice tariffe armonizzato
2904.90
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
PB2771000

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