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Acetaldoxime is used as an oxygen scavenger in boiler water. It is also used as an intermediate in chemical synthesis and pharmaceuticals. It is involved in the rearrangement reaction to prepare acetamide by using nickel(II) acetate as a catalyst. It acts as a precursor to prepare heterocyclic compound such as spiroisoxazoline. Further, it is used to prepare alkylated(Z)-oximes by deprotonation followed by reaction with benzyl bromide.
The dimetallated species (n-BuLi, -78o) can be alkylated at the ɑ-position: Tetrahedron Lett., 25, 263 (1984).
Chlorination with NCS: Tetrahedron, 40, 2985 (1984), or chlorine, gives the chloroxime, dehydrochlorination of which generates acetonitrile N-oxide, a reactive 1,3-dipole which undergoes cycloadditions with alkenes providing a one-pot route to 2-isoxazolines (same ref.):
Nitrile oxides can be generated from other aldoximes in a similar manner. The resulting isoxazolines can readily be reduced to 3-hydroxy ketones.
Yu, J.; Jin, Y.; Lu, M. 3-Methyl-4-oxa-5-azahomoadamantane as an Organocatalyst for the Aerobic Oxidation of Primary Amines to Oximes in Water. Adv. Synth. Catal. 2015, 357 (6), 1175-1180.
Yu, J.; Cao, X.; Lu, M. A novel and efficient catalytic system including TEMPO/acetaldoxime/InCl 3 for aerobic oxidation of primary amines to oximes. Tetrahedron Lett. 2014, 55 (42), 5751-5755.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H226-H302-H312-H332-H319
Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Harmful if inhaled. Causes serious eye irritation.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P260-P201-P280a-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.