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The most often used oxygen catalyst is ruthenium(IV) oxide. It is applied as an electrochemical super capacitor material, and it has high capacity to store charge. RuO2 is used as catalyst in the Deacon process which produces chlorine through the oxidation of hydrogen chloride. Owing to the high charge transfer capability, it is used as active material in super capacitors. The dispersion property of RuO2 is used to increase the capacitance of nanocomposite electrode materials for supercapacitors. RuO2 is extensively used for the coating of titanium anodes, and as a catalyst and doping agent, for use in the removal of hydrogen sulfide from oil refineries.
Hu, M. L.; Safarifard. V.; Morsali, A.; Shao, T. L.; Li, X. Facile fabrication of ruthenium(IV) oxide nanostructures by thermal decomposition of two new organoruthenium(II) complexes. Inorg. Chem. Commun. 2013, 37, 189-192.
Mani, R.; Fischer, M.; Joy, E.; Gopalakrishnan, J.; Jansen, M. Ruthenium(IV) pyrochlore oxides: Realization of novel electronic properties through substitution at A- and B-sites. Solid State Sci. 2009, 11 (1), 189-194.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H271-H303
May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer. May be harmful if swallowed.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P221-P283-P210v-P306+P360-P371+P380+P375-P501a
Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing. IF ON CLOTHING: Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes. In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.