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79-24-3 - Nitroethane, 99% - A10855 - Alfa Aesar

A10855 Nitroethane, 99%

Codice CAS
79-24-3
Sinonimi

Dimensioni Prezzo ($) Quantità Disponibilità
100g 25,40
500g 53,90
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Nitroethane, 99%

MDL
MFCD00007404
EINECS
201-188-9

Proprietà chimiche

Formula
CH3CH2NO2
Peso formula
75.07
Punto di fusione
-89°
Punto di ebollizione
112-115°
Punto di infiammabilità
30°(86°F)
Densità
1.046
Indice di rifrazione
1.3920
Solubilità
Soluble in water (4.6 g/100 ml at 20°C).

Applicazioni

Nitroethane is used as industrial solvents and pharmaceutical intermediates, explosives and as rocket fuel.

Note

Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Containers which are opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage. It is hygroscopic in nature. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, strong acids and strong bases.

Letteratura

David J. T. Porters.; Harold J. Bright. Mechanism of Oxidation of Nitroethane by Glucose Oxidase. The Journal Of Biological Chemistry. 1977, 252, (12), 4361-4370.

Syun-ichi Kiyooka.; Yuichi Kaneko.; Ken-ichi Kume. The catalytic asymmetric aldol reaction of silyl ketene acetals with aldehydes in the presence of a chiral borane complex. Nitroethane as a highly effective solvent for catalytic conditions. Tetrahedron Letters. 1992, 33, (34), 4927-4930.

Aldehydes are converted to nitriles in one step in the presence of NaOAc/AcOH (NH4OAc gives the "expected" alkylidene derivative): Synthesis, 510 (1985):

For a review of the use of nitro-compounds as alkyl anion synthons, including methods for removing the nitro-group from the resulting carbon skeletons, see: Synthesis, 833 (1988).

For further reactions of aliphatic nitro-compounds, see Nitromethane, A11806.

Rischio GHS e dichiarazioni precauzionali

Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H226-H302-H332

Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful if inhaled.

Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P261-P280a-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P501a

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Altri riferimenti

Merck
14,6597
Beilstein
1209324
Classe di rischio
3
Gruppo di imballaggio
III
Codice tariffe armonizzato
2904.20
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
KI5600000

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