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Diethylenetriamine is used as a solvent for plastics, dyes and in chemical synthesis. It serves as a curing agent for epoxy-resins. As a tridentate ligand, it form complexes such as Co(dien)(NO2)3 in coordination chemistry. It is also used as a fuel additive. It reacts with fatty acid resulting in the formation of amidoamines, which are used as corrosion inhibitors in the petroleum industry. It is associated with unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine to prepare hydyne, which is a propellant for liquid-fuel rockets.
Galhoum, A. A.; Mahfouz, M. G.; Rehem, S. T. A.; Gomaa, N. A.; Atia, A. A.; Vincent, T.; Guibal, E. Diethylenetriamine-functionalized chitosan magnetic nano-based particles for the sorption of rare earth metal ions [Nd(III), Dy(III) and Yb(III)]. Cellulose 2015, 22 (4), 2589-2605.
Koizumi, Y.; Hirooka, M.; Ochi, H.; Tokumoto, Y.; Takechi, M.; Hiraoka, A.; Ikeda, Y.; Kumagi, T.; Matsuura, B. Characterization of the biliary tract by virtual ultrasonography constructed by gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. J Med Ultrason 2015, 42 (2), 185-193.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H302-H312-H314-H317
Harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause an allergic skin reaction.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.