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D-(-)-Tartaric acid is used as a resolving agent in organic synthesis. It is used as a precursor for the preparation of its ester derivatives like D-tartaric acid diethyl ester, D-tartaric acid dimethyl ester and D-tartaric acid diiso-propyl ester. It finds application in the synthesis of chiral aziridine derivative, a common intermediate for the preparation of hydroxyethylamine class HIV protease inhibitors viz. as saquinavir, amprenavir and nelfinavir. It is widely used in the food industry as a beer foaming agent, for food acidity regulations and as a flavoring agent.
Mahapatra, M.; Tysoe, W. T. Structure and decomposition pathways of D-(-)-tartaric acid on Pd(111). Surface Science 2014, 629, 132-138.
Hu, G.; Zhang, H.; Miao, H.; Wang, J.; Xu, Y. Synthesis, structures and properties of two new chiral rare earth-organic frameworks constructed by l/d-tartaric acid. J. Solid State Chem. 2015, 229, 208-212.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.