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123-31-9 - Hydroquinone, 99% - 1,4-Dihydroxybenzene - Quinol - A11411 - Alfa Aesar

A11411 Hydroquinone, 99%

Codice CAS
123-31-9
Sinonimi
1,4-Dihydroxybenzene
Quinol

Dimensioni Prezzo ($) Quantità Disponibilità
250g 20,30
1000g 51,20
5000g 204,00
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Hydroquinone, 99%

MDL
MFCD00002339
EINECS
204-617-8

Proprietà chimiche

Formula
C6H6O2
Peso formula
110.11
Punto di fusione
170-172°
Punto di ebollizione
285-287°
Punto di infiammabilità
165°(329°F)
Densità
1.320
Sensibilità
Air & Light Sensitive
Solubilità
Soluble in water, methanol, ethanol, diethyl ether, acetone, benzene and carbon tetrachloride.

Applicazioni

Hydroquinone is used as a reducing agent and finds applications in black and white photographic developers for film and paper along with 4-(methylamino)phenol sulfate (metol). In this application, silver halides are reduced to elemental silver. It acts as a polymerization inhibitor which prevents polymerization of acrylic acid, methyl methacrylate, cyanoacrylate and other monomers. It undergoes mild oxidation to convert into parabenzoquinone. It is also used as an intermediate to produce antioxidants for rubber and food.

Note

Air and light sensitive. Incompatible with strong bases and strong oxidizing agents.

Letteratura

Widely used as a radical trap to inhibit polymerization and peroxidation reactions.

Forms inclusion compounds (clathrates) with three molecules of hydroquinone held together by H bonds to form a cage in which a single guest molecule can be accommodated. For a review, see: D. D. MacNicol in Inclusion Compounds, Vol. 2, J. L. Atwood et al, Eds., Academic Press, London (1984), p1.

A stable 1:1 complex with hydrazine has been isolated and found to be a useful, safer replacement for anhydrous hydrazine, e.g. in the solid state reaction with esters to give hydrazides: J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1531 (1995).

Boota, M.; Hatzell, K. B.; Kumbur, E. C.; Gogotsi, Y. Towards High-Energy-Density Pseudocapacitive Flowable Electrodes by the Incorporation of Hydroquinone. ChemSusChem 2015, 8 (5), 835-843.

Buzzo, G. S.; Rodrigues, A. C. B.; De Souza, R. F. B.; Silva, J. C. M.; Bastos, E. L.; Spinace, E. V.; Assumpcao, M. H. M. T. Synthesis of hydroquinone with co-generation of electricity from phenol aqueous solution in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell reactor. Catal. Commun. 2015, 59, 113-115.

Rischio GHS e dichiarazioni precauzionali

Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H318-H341-H351-H400-H302-H317

Causes serious eye damage. Suspected of causing genetic defects. Suspected of causing cancer. Very toxic to aquatic life. Harmful if swallowed. May cause an allergic skin reaction.

Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P273-P280-P305+P351+P338

Avoid release to the environment. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

Altri riferimenti

Merck
14,4808
Beilstein
605970
Classe di rischio
9
Gruppo di imballaggio
III
Codice tariffe armonizzato
2907.22
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
MX3500000

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