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7789-24-4 - Lithium fluoride, 98+% - A11632 - Alfa Aesar

A11632 Lithium fluoride, 98+%

Codice CAS
7789-24-4
Sinonimi

Dimensioni Prezzo ($) Quantità Disponibilità
100g 27,19
500g 67,36
2500g 284,28
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Lithium fluoride, 98+%

MDL
MFCD00011090
EINECS
232-152-0

Proprietà chimiche

Formula
LiF
Peso formula
25.94
Punto di fusione
845°
Punto di ebollizione
1680°
Densità
2.635
Indice di rifrazione
1.3915
Solubilità
Soluble in water and hydrogen fluoride. Insoluble in alcohol.

Applicazioni

Lithium fluoride is widely used in many fields. It is used in the soldering progress for glass lining as a cosolvent. It finds application as an additive of aluminum electrolysis and rare earth electrolysis as a crystal in X-ray spectrometry. It is also used in specialized UV optics due to its large band gap and transparency to short wave length ultraviolet radiation. It is involved to record ionizing radiation exposure from gamma rays, beta particles and neutrons in thermoluminescent dosimeters. In nuclear reactors, lithium fluoride is mixed with beryllium fluoride to form a base solvent, which is used in molten-salt reactor experiment (MSRE). Additionally, it is useful as a coupling layer to enhance electron injection in polymer light-emitting diodes (PLED) and organic light-emitting diode (OLED).

Note

Hygroscopic. Keep the container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Incompatible with aqueous solutions, strong acids and strong oxidizing agents. Hydrolyzes in the presence of water to form hydrofluoric acid which attacks glass.

Letteratura

Source of fluoride ion in nucleophilic displacement of other halides and as a mild base; compare Potassium fluoride, 14130. For a review of alkali metal fluorides in organic synthesis, see: Synthesis, 169 (1983).

Amatucci, G. G.; Pereira, N.; Badway, F.; Sina, M.; Cosandey, F.; Ruotolo, M.; Cao, C. Formation of lithium fluoride/metal nanocomposites for energy storage through solid state reduction of metal fluorides. J. Fluorine Chem 2011, 132 (12), 1086-1094.

Quaranta, A.; Valotto, G.; Piccinini, M.; Montereali, R. M. Ion beam induced luminescence analysis of defect evolution in lithium fluoride under proton irradiation. Opt. Mater 2015, 49, 1-5.

Rischio GHS e dichiarazioni precauzionali

Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H301-H315-H319-H335

Toxic if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.

Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P261-P280-P301+P310-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P362-P312-P405-P403+P233-P501a

Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Store locked up. Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Altri riferimenti

Merck
14,5531
Classe di rischio
6.1
Gruppo di imballaggio
III
Codice tariffe armonizzato
2826.19
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
OJ6125000

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