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Trimethylacetonitrile used as a solvent and as a labile ligand in coordination chemistry. It is also used as an intermediate in organic synthesis. It is used in the presence of titanium(II) chloride and zinc to undergoes reductive coupling reaction of aromatic and aliphatic ketones including acyclic aliphatic ketones to give the corresponding pinacols.
For in situ reaction with vinyl triflates in the synthesis of sterically hindered 2,4,6-trisubstituted pyrimidines, see: Synthesis, 881 (1990); for reaction scheme, see Trifluoromethanesulfonic acid, A1173 .
Bagal, D. B.; Bhanage, B. M. Recent Advances in Transition Metal-Catalyzed Hydrogenation of Nitriles. Adv. Synth. Catal. 2015, 357 (5), 883-900.
Akhtar, N.; Akhtar, W. Prospects, challenges, and latest developments in lithium-air batteries. Int. J. Energy Res. 2015, 39 (3), 303-316.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H225-H302-H312-H332-H315-H319-H335
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Harmful if inhaled. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P261-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.