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Acetyl Bromide is used as an acetylating agent in the synthesis of fine chemicals, agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals. It is also used as an intermediate for dyes. Further, it reacts with alcohols and amines to produce acetate esters and acetamides. In addition to this, it is involved in the synthetic process of the anti-HIV agent.
In the presence of ZnCl2, adds to a wide range of aldehydes, giving ɑ-bromoalkyl acetates: Helv. Chim Acta, 61, 2047, 2059, 2165 (1978); Synthesis, 593 (1978).
In combination with TFA, OH groups can be acetylated selectively in the presence of primary and secondary amines: J. Med. Chem., 16, 630 (1973); 17, 427 (1974); Synthesis, 249 (1975).
Fukushima, R. S.; Kerley, M. S.; Ramos, M. H.; Porter, J. H.; Kallenbach, R. L. Comparison of acetyl bromide lignin with acid detergent lignin and Klason lignin and correlation with in vitro forage degradability. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 2015, 201, 25-37.
Grabber, J. H.; Santoro, N.; Foster, C. E.; Elumalai, S.; Ralph, J.; Pan, X. Incorporation of Flavonoid Derivatives or Pentagalloyl Glucose into Lignin Enhances Cell Wall Saccharification Following Mild Alkaline or Acidic Pretreatments. BioEnerg. Res. 2015, 8 (3), 1391-1400.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H227-H314-H318
Combustible liquid. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210u-P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.