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1-(Trimethylsilyl)imidazole acts as a silylating agent for alcohols, carbohydrates and 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds. It is a derivatization reagent used for selective silylation of hydroxyl groups and carboxylic acid without affecting the amino group. It employed as an intermediate for the synthesis of imidazole derivatives. It plays an essential role to synthesize polysubstituted chiral spirotetrahydropyrans. It is also used in the quantification of pintol after derivatization by gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry.
Powerful silylating agent (see Appendix 4) for a wide range of functional groups. O-Silylation in the presence of TBAF (0.02 equiv.) occurs under very mild conditions: Tetrahedron Lett., 35, 8409 (1994).
Acanski, M. M.; Vujic, D. N. Comparing sugar components of cereal and pseudocereal flour by GC-MS analysis. Food Chem. 2014, 145, 743-748.
Bu, J.; Rhee, H.-K. Silylation of Ti-MCM-41 by trimethylsilyl-imidazole and its effect on the olefin epoxidation with aqueous H2O2. Catal. Lett. 2000, 66 (4), 245-249.
Jacolot, M.; Jean, M.; Levoin, N.; Weghe, P. The Prins Reaction Using Ketones: Rationalization and Application toward the Synthesis of the Portentol Skeleton. Org. Lett. 2012, 14 (1), 58-61.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H225-H315-H319-H335
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P261-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.