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1,2-dibromoethane is widely used as a bromine source in organic synthesis. It is utilized as a fumigant for treatment of logs for termites and beetles, for control of moths in beehives. It finds the application to make vinyl bromide, a precursor to some fire retardants. It is used as an intermediate in the preparation of dyes and pharmaceuticals. It is also used as a lead scavenger in antiknock mixtures added to gasolines.
Zorin, A. V.; Zaynashev, A. T.; Chanysheva, A. R.; Zorin, V. V. Reaction of α-carbanions of lithium acylates with 1,2-dibromoethane. Russ. J. Gen. Chem. 2015, 85 (6), 1382-1385.
Wu, H.; Yang, Y.; Sun, S.; Zhang, J.; Deng, L.; Zhang, S.; Jia, T.; Wang, Z.; Sun, Z. Concerted elimination of Br2+ resulting from the Coulomb explosion of 1,2-dibromoethane in an intense femtosecond laser field. Chem. Phys. Lett. 2014, 607, 70-74.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H301-H311-H331-H315-H319-H350-H335
Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Toxic if inhaled. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause cancer. May cause respiratory irritation.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P201-P261-P301+P310a-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Obtain special instructions before use. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF SWALLOWED: IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.