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1,2-Dichloroethane is used to make vinyl chloride and chlorinated solvents (trichloroethane, trichloroethylene, perchloroethylene, and vinylidene) to remove grease, resins, glue and dirt. It is used as a solvent in the manufacture of polystyrene and SBR latex. It is added to leaded petrol as an anti-knock compound. It is also used in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes, packaging materials, furniture, auto mobile parts, wall coverings and housewares. It is also used generally as an intermediate for other organic chemical compounds and as a solvent. It is a useful solvent for the isomer distribution in the acetylation of benzene and toluene under the influence of aluminum chloride.
Yang, P.; Shi, Z.; Tao, F.; Yang, S.; Zhou, R. Synergistic performance between oxidizability and acidity/texture properties for 1,2-dichloroethane oxidation over (Ce,Cr)xO2/zeolite catalysts. Chem. Eng. Sci. 2015, 134, 340-347.
Boudewijns, T.; Piccinini , M.; Degraeve, P.; Liebens, A.; Vos, D. D. Pathway to Vinyl Chloride Production via Dehydrochlorination of 1,2-Dichloroethane in Ionic Liquid Media. ACS Catal. 2015, 5 (7), 4043-4047.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H225-H302-H315-H319-H350-H335
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause cancer. May cause respiratory irritation.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P201-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Obtain special instructions before use. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.