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N-octane is mainly used as a solvent, fuel and as one of the standard values in octane rating scale. It is also used to prevent uneven burning of fuel in internal-combustion engines. Further, it acts as an antiknock agent for high compression engine fuels, lacquer diluents, blowing agent for foam rubber. In addition, it is used in rocket propellants and in azeotropic distillations.
Lonsdale, T. H.; Lauterbach, L.; Malca, S. H.; Nestl, B. M.; Hauer, B.; Lenz, O. H2-driven biotransformation of n-octane to 1-octanol by a recombinant Pseudomonas putida strain co-synthesizing an O2-tolerant hydrogenase and a P450 monooxygenase. Chem. Commun. 2015, 51 (90), 16173-16175.
Ralphs, K.; Chansai, S.; Hardacre, C.; Burch, R.; Taylor, S. F. R.; James, S. L. Mechanochemical preparation of Ag catalysts for the n-octane-SCR de-NOx reaction: Structural and reactivity effects. Catal. Today 2015, 246, 198-206.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H225-H315-H336-H304
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes skin irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P261-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF SWALLOWED: IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.