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126-33-0 - Sulfolane, 99% - Tetramethylene sulfone - Tetrahydrothiophene 1,1-dioxide - A13466 - Alfa Aesar

A13466 Sulfolane, 99%

Codice CAS
126-33-0
Sinonimi
Tetramethylene sulfone
Tetrahydrothiophene 1,1-dioxide

Dimensioni Prezzo ($) Quantità Disponibilità
250g 30,80
1000g 76,00
5000g 290,00
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Sulfolane, 99%

MDL
MFCD00005484
EINECS
204-783-1

Proprietà chimiche

Formula
C4H8O2S
Peso formula
120.17
Punto di fusione
25-28°
Punto di ebollizione
285°
Punto di infiammabilità
166°(330°F)
Densità
1.261
Indice di rifrazione
1.4825
Sensibilità
Hygroscopic
Solubilità
Miscible with alcohol, water, acetone, toluene and dilute mineral acids. Slightly miscible with octanes, olefins and naphthenes.

Applicazioni

Sulfolane is used as an industrial solvent utilized for the extraction of aromatic hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon mixtures and to purify natural gas. Further, it is used in refineries and the petrochemical industry.

Note

Miscible with water, acetone, tolueneIncompatible with strong oxidizing agents.

Letteratura

High-boiling dipolar aprotic solvent. Compare Dimethyl­ sulfoxide, A13280, N,N-Dimethyl­acetamide, A10924 and 1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone, A12260.

Solvent for nitrations using Nitronium tetrafluoroborate, B20167.

Widely used as solvent in the nucleophilic displacement of chloroaromatics with F- (Halex fluorination). For example, chlorinated benzaldehydes were converted to their fluoro-analogues by heating with KF in tetramethylene sulfone at 220o: J. Fluorine Chem., 46, 529 (1990). Nitro groups have also been displaced by F- by heating in the presence of tetramethylammonium chloride and phthaloyl chloride as a nitrite trap: J. Org. Chem., 56, 6406 (1991). See, however, Tetrahydrothiophene 1-oxide, A17502 and Potassium fluoride, 14130.

Use of this solvent makes possible the reduction of alkyl bromides to alkanes by NaBH4: Tetrahedron Lett., 3495 (1969).

Can be doubly metallated at the ɑ-positions with strong bases such as NaNH2, LiNH2 or n-BuLi, and the resulting dianion reacted with one or two equivalents of benzophenone to give the mono- or bis-adduct respectively: J. Org. Chem., 35, 1834 (1970); J. Organomet. Chem., 59, 53 (1973). For alkylation of the monolithio-derivative, see: Synth. Commun., 18, 583 (1988).

Solvent for the Baylis-Hillman reaction, using 1,4-Diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane, A14003, which enables short reaction times at room temperature: Tetrahedron Lett., 45, 1183 (2004).

Vergaelen, M.; Verbraeken, B.; Monnery, B. D.; Hoogenboom, R. Sulfolane as Common Rate Accelerating Solvent for the Cationic Ring-Opening Polymerization of 2-Oxazolines. ACS Macro Lett. 2015, 4 (8), 825-828.

Raghuram, N.; Suresh, R.; Ramesh, G.; Sowjanya, G.; Jyostna, T. S. Excess parameters for the binary mixtures of sulfolane with chloroethanes at different temperatures. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 2015, 119 (3), 2107-2117.

Rischio GHS e dichiarazioni precauzionali

Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H302

Harmful if swallowed.

Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P260-P201-P280-P304+P340-P405-P501a

Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Altri riferimenti

Merck
14,8955
Beilstein
107765
Codice tariffe armonizzato
2934.99
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
XN0700000

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