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Tetramethyldisilazane is used as a gas chromatographic derivatizing reagent. Further, it reacts with phenol to prepare dimethylphenoxysilane. In addition, it is used in electronic, polymer and pharmaceutical industries.
Reagent for the preparation (see Appendix 4) of dimethylsilyl (DMS) derivatives, compare Hexamethyldisilazane, A15139. With allylic and homoallylic alcohols, the products can undergo Pt- or Rh-catalyzed intramolecular hydrosilylation, providing a regioselective route to 1,3-diols: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 108, 6090 (1986). For an example of this reaction, see Chlorodimethylsilane, A13113.
The potassium derivative, formed by reaction with KH in THF, reacts with alkyl halides to give, after hydrolysis, high yields of primary amines, thus providing a convenient alternative to the classical Gabriel method. Other silazanes, including hexamethyldisilazane, give lower yields: Synthesis, 150 (1995):
Sanli, D.; Erkey, C. Silylation from supercritical carbon dioxide: a powerful technique for modification of surfaces. J. Mater. Sci. 2015, 50 (22), 7159-7181.
Fainer, N. I.; Kosyakov, V. I. Phase composition of thin silicon carbonitride films obtained by plazma endanced chemical vapor deposition using organosilicon compounds. J. Struct. Chem. 2015, 56 (1), 163-174.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H225-H314-H318
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P280-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P310a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.