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Allyl alcohol is widely used as a precursor to many specialized compounds such as allyl glycidyl ether, allyl diglycidyl carbonate, allyl methacrylate, flame-resistant materials, drying oils and plasticizers. It is used as a raw material for the synthesis of glycerol, glycidyl ethers, esters and amines. It is involved in the synthesis of a variety of polymerizable esters such as diallyl phthalate.
Carboxylic acids can be protected as allyl esters, by reaction of allyl alcohol with an activated carboxyl group. They are readily cleaved in the presence of Pd catalysts: J. Org. Chem., 47, 587 (1982); Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 23, 71 (1984); J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1216 (1990).
Harvey, L.; Sánchez, G.; Kennedy, E. M.; Stockenhuber, M. Enhancing allyl alcohol selectivity in the catalytic conversion of glycerol; influence of product distribution on the subsequent epoxidation step. Asia-Pac. J. Chem. 2015, 10 (4), 598-606.
Fukuda, K.; Tojino, M.; Goto, K.; Dohi, H.; Nishida, Y.; Mizuno, M. A recyclable heavy fluorous tag carrying an allyl alcohol pendant group: design and evaluation toward applications in synthetic carbohydrate chemistry. Carbohydr. Res. 2015, 407, 122-130.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H225-H301-H311-H331-H315-H319-H335
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Toxic if inhaled. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.