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Lithium hydroxide is used for the production of lithium greases, lithium soaps, lithium stearate and lithium salts. It finds application as a carbon dioxide adsorbent in breathing gas purification systems for spacecrafts, submarines and rebreathers; as a storage-battery electrolyte; as a heat transfer medium and as a catalyst for polymerization reaction. It is also used in ceramics and some portland cement formulations.
Preferred base for chemoselective protection of carboxylic acids as methyl esters by reaction with dimethyl sulfate in THF, as an alternative to diazomethane: J. Org. Chem., 64, 8014 (1999).
Noda, Y.; Koga, N. Phenomenological kinetics of the carbonation reaction of lithium hydroxide monohydrate: Role of surface product layer and possible existence of a liquid phase. J. Phys. Chem. C 2014, 118 (10), 5424-5436.
Wang, D.; Belharouak, I.; Ortega, L. H.; Zhang, X.; Rui Xu, R.; Zhou, D.; Zhou, G.; Amine, K. Synthesis of high capacity cathodes for lithium-ion batteries by morphology-tailored hydroxide co-precipitation. J. Power Sources 2015, 274, 451-457.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H301-H331-H314-H318
Toxic if swallowed. Toxic if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P260u-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
IF SWALLOWED: IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.