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p-Phenylenediamine is used as a precursor to aramid plastics, Kevlar fibers and to urethane polymers. It serves as a developing agent in photography, antioxidants in rubber products and as a vulcanization accelerator. It is used as a henna surrogate for temporary tattoos and as a histological stain for lipids such as myelin. It is an anti-fade reagent used in fluorescence microscopy to retard photobleaching of fluorescein and other fluorescent dyes. Furthermore, it is also an ingredient in hair dyes.
Magdziarz, P.; Bober, P.; Trchová, M.; Morávková, Z.; Bláha, M., Prokeš, J.; Stejskal, J. Conducting composites prepared by the reduction of silver ions with poly (p-phenylenediamine). Polym. Int. 2015, 64 (4), 496-504.
Pot, L. M.; Coenraads, P. J.; Goebel, C.; Blömeke, B. Assessment of the elicitation response in subjects weakly sensitized to p-phenylenediamine. Brit. J. Dermatol. 2015, 172 (1), 138-144.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H301-H311-H331-H319-H317
Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Toxic if inhaled. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause an allergic skin reaction.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P261-P280-P301+P310a-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.