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Solvent for many polymers and resins, plasticisers, rubbers and textiles.Ethylene carbonate is used as a polar solvent and a high permittivity component of electrolytes in lithium batteries. It finds application in surface coatings, dyes, fibers and plastics. It is also used as a plasticizer and as a precursor to vinylene carbonate. Further, it is used in the preparation of dimethyl carbonate, which acts as a useful solvent and a mild methylating agent.
Ethylene oxide equivalent for introduction of the 2-hydroxyethyl group, by reaction with various nucleophiles. Reacts with thiols (K2CO3/ 18-crown-6) to give 2-hydroxyethyl sulfides: Synthesis, 382 (1986).
You, X.; Chaudhari, M.; Rempe, S.; Pratt, L. R. Dielectric Properties of Ethylene Carbonate and Propylene Carbonate Using Molecular Dynamics Simulations. ECS Trans. 2015, 69 (1), 107-111.
Chen, X.; Cui, Y.; Wen, C.; Wang, B.; Dai, W. L. Continuous synthesis of methanol: heterogeneous hydrogenation of ethylene carbonate over Cu/HMS catalysts in a fixed bed reactor system. Chem. Commun. 2015, 51 (72), 13776-13778.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.