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Methyl formate is used as a precursor to formamide, dimethylformamide and formic acid. It is used as a blowing agent and utilized for quick-drying finishes due to its high vapor pressure. It is used as a component of azeotrope to recover expensive solvents. Further, it is used as a propellant and an intermediate for optical brighteners and hydrocyanic acid.
Yalfani, M. S.; Lolli, G.; Müller, T. E.; Wolf, A.; Mleczko, L. Methyl N-Phenyl Carbamate Synthesis from Aniline and Methyl Formate: Carbon Recycling to Chemical Products. ChemSusChem 2015, 8 (3), 443-447.
Wu, C.; Zhang, Z.; Zhu, Q.; Han, H.; Yang, Y.; Han, B. Highly efficient hydrogenation of carbon dioxide to methyl formate over supported gold catalysts. Green Chem. 2015, 17 (3), 1467-1472.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H224-H302-H331-H319-H371-H335
Extremely flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Toxic if inhaled. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause damage to organs. May cause respiratory irritation.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P260-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.