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Ammonium acetate is widely utilized as a catalyst in the Knoevenagel condensation. It is the primary source of ammonia in the Borch reaction in organic synthesis. It is used with distilled water to make a protein precipitating reagent. It acts as a buffer for electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry of proteins and other molecules and as mobile phases for high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Sometimes, it is used as a biodegradable de-icing agent and an acidity regulator in food additives.
Xia, S.; Zhang, H. Density Functional Theory Study of Selective Deacylation of Aromatic Acetate in the Presence of Aliphatic Acetate under Ammonium Acetate Mediated Conditions. J. Org. Chem. 2014, 79 (13), 6135-6142.
Zhang, J.; Yao, J.; Liu, J.; Xue, S.; Li, Y.; Wang, C. Four-component reaction between naphthols, substituted β-nitrostyrenes, substituted benzaldehydes and ammonium acetate in water-PEG-400: an approach to construct polysubstituted naphthofuranamines. RSC Adv. 2015, 5 (60), 48580-48585.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.