4-Hydroxyquinazoline is been used to inhibit PARP (poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase) which catalyzes covalent attachment of the ADP-ribose moiety of NAD+ to various proteins. This compound specifically and potently inhibits PARP-1. 4-HQN demonstrates the ability to decrease activation of transcription factor NFκB and AP-1 in lipopolysaccharide-induced shock. Mechanistic studies indicate that 4-HQN activates PI3-kinase/Akt pathway in the liver, spleen, and lung and down-regulates two elements of the MAP kinase system. Additionally, this agent has been observed to decrease ischemia-reperfusion-induced increase of protein oxidation, single-strand DNA breaks, lipid peroxidation, and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production in the reperfusion period.
B Veres.; B Radnai.; F Gallyas.; G Varbiro. Regulation of Kinase Cascades and Transcription Factors by a Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1 Inhibitor, 4-Hydroxyquinazoline, in Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammation in Mice. JPET . 2004310 (1), 247-255.
JS Morley.; JCE Simpson. 88. The chemistry of simple heterocyclic systems. Part I. Reactions of 6-and 7-nitro-4-hydroxyquinazoline and their derivatives. Journal of the Chemical Society . 194888 (1), 360-366.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H302-H315-H319-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P280h-P305+P351+P338
Wear protective gloves/clothing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.