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7664-38-2 - Phosphoric acid, 85% aq. soln. - Orthophosphoric acid - A18067 - Alfa Aesar

A18067 Phosphoric acid, 85% aq. soln.

Codice CAS
7664-38-2
Sinonimi
Orthophosphoric acid

Dimensioni Prezzo ($) Quantità Disponibilità
500ml 29,56
2500ml 104,03
10000ml 323,42
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Phosphoric acid, 85% aq. soln.

MDL
MFCD00011340
EINECS
231-633-2

Proprietà chimiche

Formula
H3O4P
Peso formula
98.00
Punto di fusione
19-21°
Densità
1.700
Indice di rifrazione
1.4310
Solubilità
Miscible with water, ethanol and mixture of ether: alcohol (3:1).

Applicazioni

Phosphoric acid is used mainly in fertilizers. It is used as an external standard for phosphorus-31 Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR); as an electrolyte in phosphoric acid fuel cells and as a catalyst in the hydration of alkenes to produce alcohols, predominantly ethanol. It finds application as a buffer agent in biology and chemistry; as a solution for anodizing and as a cleaner by construction trades to remove mineral deposits, cementitious smears and hard water stains. It is also used as a pH adjuster in cosmetics and skin-care products and a dispersing agent in detergents and leather treatment. It plays an important role in the preparation of albumin derivatives. It is an important starting material used in the preparation of disodium hydrogen phosphate, trisodium phosphate, calcium dihydrogen phosphate and monohydrogen phosphate. It is also used in dentistry and orthodontics as an etching solution as well as a sanitizing agent in dairy, food and brewing industries. It serves as an acidic fruitlike flavoring in food products. It is widely used to remove rust in steel tools or surfaces by converting the rusted ion in to water soluble phosphate compound.

Note

Incompatible with strong bases and powdered metals.

Letteratura

Aili, D.; Vassiliev, A.; Jensen, J. O.; Schmidt, T. J.; Li, Q. Methyl phosphate formation as a major degradation mode of direct methanol fuel cells with phosphoric acid based electrolytes. J. Power Sources 2015, 279, 517-521.

Bondesson, P. M.; Dupuy, A.; Galbe, M.; Zacchi, G. Optimizing Ethanol and Methane Production from Steam-pretreated, Phosphoric Acid-impregnated Corn Stover. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 2015, 175 (3), 1371-1388.

Rischio GHS e dichiarazioni precauzionali

Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H314

Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.

Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P260-P280-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P304+P340-P310-P363-P405-P501a

Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Altri riferimenti

Merck
14,7344
Classe di rischio
8
Gruppo di imballaggio
III
Codice tariffe armonizzato
2809.20
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
TB6300000

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