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2,2,4-Trimethylpentane is used as a solvent in spectrophotometric analysis and in organic synthesis. Due to its high antiknock octane number, it is widely employed as a standard reference fuel for octane ratings. It acts as an entrainer in azeotropic distillation as well as thinner. It is involved as processing aids in the petroleum industry.
Elsayed, Y.; Dallas, A.; Beatty, P. Experimental and predicted adsorption isotherms of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane and toluene on activated carbon for industrial applications. Res. Chem. Intermed. 2015, 41 (3), 1267-1282.
Martins, V. D.; Granato, M. A.; Rodrigues, A. E. Isobaric Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium for Binary Systems of 2, 2, 4-Trimethylpentane with o-Xylene, m-Xylene, p-Xylene, and Ethylbenzene at 250 kPa. J. Chem. Eng. Data. 2014, 59 (5), 1499-1506.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H225-H315-H336-H304
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes skin irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P261-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.