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1-Propanol is used as a solvent and an entrainer in azeotropic distillation. It is used as a precursor to prepare propyl acetate, propylamide and propyl halides by reacting with acetic acid, ammonia and halogens respectively. It is actively used as a solvent in inks for flexographic printing, which is a technique used for printing. It is added to cleaners, floor polishes and metal degreasing fluids and is used as an additional solvent in the manufacture of adhesives. It enhances the drying characteristics of alkyd resins, electrodeposition paints and baking finishes in coating industry.
Bauer, T.; Michl, M.; Lunkenheimer, P.; Loidl, A. Nonlinear dielectric response of Debye, α, and β relaxation in 1-propanol. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 2015, 407, 66-71.
Vahid, A.; Maginn, E. J. Monte Carlo simulation and SAFT modeling study of the solvation thermodynamics of dimethylformamide, dimethylsulfoxide, ethanol and 1-propanol in the ionic liquid trimethylbutylammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2015, 17 (11), 7449-7462.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H225-H318-H336
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes serious eye damage. May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P261-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.