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Sodium tert-butoxide is used as a strong base and a non-nucleophilic base. In organic synthesis, it serves as an intermediate in various reactions like condensation, rearrangement and ring-opening. Further, it finds use in agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, colorants, aroma chemicals, detergents and biodiesel. It acts as a catalyst in polymerization and isomerization reactions.
Preferred base, superior to KO-t-Bu or LiO-t-Bu, for promoting Buchwald's Pd catalyzed conversion of aryl bromides to arylamines: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 34, 1316, 1348 (1995); J. Org. Chem., 61, 7240 (1996); Tetrahedron Lett., 39, 2219 (1998).
Zhang, M. X.; Hu, X. H.; Xu, Y. H.; Loh, T. P. Selective Dealkylation of Alkyl Aryl Ethers. Asian J. Org. Chem. 2015, 4 (10), 1047-1049.
Kumar, C. V.; Raptis, D.; Koukaras, E. N.; Sygellou, L.; Lianos, P. Study of an indoline-phenothiazine based organic dye for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Theoretical calculations and experimental data. Org. Electron. 2015, 25, 66-73.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H228-H314-H318
Flammable solid. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P280-P305+P351+P338-P310a-P370+P378i-P402+P404
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor In case of fire: Use for extinction: Fire-extinguishing powder. Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container.