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It is a redox and adsorption indicator. Employed as a biological stain used in histology, cytology, bacteriology. It is commonly used as a counter stain for gram-negative bacteria in the Gram stain procedure. It has been observed to bind to DNA at a pH 2.21. In the Flemming triple stain procedure it is used to stain for chromosomes. In late Paleozoic pteridosperm cuticles it has shown increased contrast, emphasized cutinization differences, and enhanced the three-dimensional morphology of complex epidermal features when compared with other dyes. The compound has also been used with alcian blue in the histochemical study of the distribution and morphometric characteristics of mast cells. It has also been used to detect mucin and cartilage.
Krings M. The use of biological stains in the analysis of late Paleozoic pteridosperm cuticles.Rev Palaeobot Palynol.2000108(3-4), 143-150.
Rosenberg L. Chemical basis for the histological use of safranin O in the study of articular cartilage.J Bone Joint Surg Am.197153(1), 69-82.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.