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3724-43-4 - (Chloromethylene)dimethylammonium chloride, 96% - Arnold's Reagent - N,N-Dimethylchloroformimidinium chloride - B24172 - Alfa Aesar

B24172 (Chloromethylene)dimethylammonium chloride, 96%

Codice CAS
3724-43-4
Sinonimi
Arnold's Reagent
N,N-Dimethylchloroformimidinium chloride

Dimensioni Prezzo ($) Quantità Disponibilità
5g 40,30
25g 136,00
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(Chloromethylene)dimethylammonium chloride, 96%

MDL
MFCD00011868
EINECS
425-970-6

Proprietà chimiche

Formula
C3H7Cl2N
Peso formula
128.00
Punto di fusione
130° dec.
Sensibilità
Moisture Sensitive
Solubilità
Soluble in water.

Applicazioni

(Chloromethylene)dimethylammonium chloride is used in the synthesis of beta-lactams, n-vinyl substituted indoles and fused 2-pyridone rings and 2-azetidinones. It is used as a formylating agent and used in the preparation of anti-poxvirus agents. It is used in Staudinger reaction and Hundsdiecker-barton iododecarboxylation reaction. It is widely used for studying organic photosensitizers, which finds application in dye-sensitized solar cells.

Note

Moisture sensitive. It may decompose in moist air/ water. Incompatible with bases, strong oxidizing agents, amines, metals and butyl rubber.

Letteratura

Preformed, crystalline Vilsmeier reagent useful in, e.g. formylation, dehydration, and chlorination reactions, avoiding the use of POCl3, COCl2, (COCl)2, etc. For further information on Vilsmeier reagents, see N,N-Dimethyl­formamide, A13547. Review: Adv. Org. Chem., 9, 225 (1976). Monograph: Synthesis Using Vilsmeier Reagents, C. M. Marson, P. R. Giles, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL (1994).

Reacts with alcohols to form iminium salts which undergo nucleophilic displacement under mild conditions with inversion of configuration. The advantages of this approach over the equivalent Mitsunobu reactions (see Triphenyl­phosphine, L02502) for the activation of alcohols towards nucleophiles are that it is more suitable for scale-up and that the by-products are easily separated and of low mass. For use in cyclodehydration of hydroxy phenols in the synthesis of ɑ 2-adrenoreceptor antagonists, see: Tetrahedron Lett., 34, 7483 (1993):

Similarly, iminium salts of secondary alcohols undergo nucleophilic displacement with K benzoate giving the ester of opposite configuration in high yield and ee: J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1403 (1995).

/n

Carr, J. M.; Tschumper, G. S.; Lathem, A. P. Boyd Group Electronegativity Influence on the Parr Global Electrophilicity of Vilsmeier Reagent-Derived Imidates: New Insights toward Improving Mitsunobu Chemistry. Helv. Chim. Acta 2015, 98 (4), 582-588.

Lu, S. H.; Liu, P. L.; Wong, F. F. Vilsmeier reagent-mediated synthesis of 6-[(formyloxy)methyl]-pyrazolopyrimidines via a one-pot multiple tandem reaction. RSC Adv. 2015, 5 (58), 47098-47107.

Rischio GHS e dichiarazioni precauzionali

Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H360-H314-H318-H302

May damage fertility or the unborn child. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. Harmful if swallowed.

Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P260-P201-P280-P281-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P304+P340-P405-P501a

Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Altri riferimenti

Beilstein
3566322
Classe di rischio
8
Gruppo di imballaggio
II
Codice tariffe armonizzato
2923.90
TSCA
Yes

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