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Uridine-5'-diphosphate disodium salt is used in studies on nucleic acid (RNA) biosynthesis and cell signaling. UDP is a nucleotide that upon phosphorylation to UTP becomes a substrate for enzymes such as RNA polymerase(s) and GTPases. These enzymes are involved in a wide range of applications from the synthesis of RNA to the regulation of G-coupled Protein Receptors (GPCR) and cell signaling molecules such as Rho-signaling via Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors (GEF).
Ivar von Kugelgen.; Klaus Starke. Evidence for two separate vasoconstriction-mediating nucleotide receptors, both distinct from the P2X-receptor, in rabbit basilar artery: a receptor for pyrimidine nucleotides and a receptor for purine nucleotides. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology. 1990, 341, (6), 538-546.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.