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N-Methylformamide is used to prepare methyl isocyanate. It is used as an extraction solvent for aromatic hydrocarbons and acts as a ligand in coordination chemistry. It is employed as a solvent in oil refineries and in aluminum electrolytic capacitors. Further, it is used as a reagent in organic synthesis. In addition to this, it is used as an investigational anticancer drug and an intermediate in the production of some pharmaceutical compounds.
Reagent for replacement of an activated chlorine in an aromatic or heteroaromatic ring by the methylamino group: Synthesis, 39 (1980).
Precursor of methyl isocyanide (highly toxic!), by dehydration with tosyl chloride in pyridine: Org. Synth. Coll., 5, 772 (1973).
Emets, V. V.; Damaskin, B. B. Two-dimensional pressure of chemisorbed dimethylformamide and N-methylformamide molecules at Ga-, (In-Ga)-, and (Tl-Ga)-electrodes. Russ. J. Electrochem. 2015, 51 (8), 789-795.
Bunkan, A. J. C.; Hetzler, J.; Mikoviny, T.; Wisthaler, A.; Nielsen, C. J.; Olzmann, M. The reactions of N-methylformamide and N,N-dimethylformamide with OH and their photo-oxidation under atmospheric conditions: experimental and theoretical studies. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2015, 17, 7046-7059.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H312-H360
Harmful in contact with skin. May damage fertility or the unborn child.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P260-P201-P280h-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/clothing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.