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141-52-6 - Sodium ethoxide, 96% - Sodium ethylate - L06230 - Alfa Aesar

L06230 Sodium ethoxide, 96%

Codice CAS
Sodium ethylate

Dimensioni Prezzo ($) Quantità Disponibilità
100g 41,70
500g 64,10
2000g 198,00
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Sodium ethoxide, 96%


Proprietà chimiche

Peso formula
Punto di fusione
Punto di infiammabilità
Moisture Sensitive
Soluble in ethanol and methanol.


Sodium ethoxide is used as a strong base in organic synthesis. It is actively involved in the Claisen condensation, Stobbe reaction and Wolf-kishner reduction. It is an important starting material for the synthesis of ethyl ester and diethyl ester of malonic acid. In Williamson ether synthesis, it reacts with ethyl bromide to form diethyl ether. It is widely used as a base for the generation of carbanions which are utilized for alkylation and condensation reactions.


Moisture sensitive. It undergoes hydrolysis rapidly to form sodium hydroxide in the presence of moist air. Incompatible with water, strong bases, acids, oxidizing agents, alkali metals, strong oxidizing agents, ammonia, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides, reducing agents, peroxides, acids and chlorinated solvents.


In reactions where the presence of excess ethanol is undesirable, the use of pre-formed solid sodium ethoxide is much more convenient and safer than preparation in situ from sodium metal. This applies to many literature condensation reactions which employ powdered sodium in, for example ether or toluene, where the difficulty and hazards of obtaining a satisfactory sodium dispersion can be considerable. Solid sodium ethoxide often gives superior results, with better control of exothermic reactions.

Extensively used as a base for the generation of carbanions in a variety of alkylation and condensation reactions. Organic Syntheses examples of the use of solid sodium ethoxide include:

Condensation of acetone with ethyl acetate: Org. Synth. Coll., 3, 17 (1955). Benzoylation of acetophenone with ethyl benzoate: Org. Synth. Coll., 3, 251 (1955). ɑ-Formylations with ethyl formate: Org. Synth. Coll., 3, 300 (1955); 4, 536 (1963). ɑ-Ethoxalylation of diethyl succinate with diethyl oxalate: Org. Synth. Coll., 5, 687 (1973).

Sanchez, B. S.; Benitez, B.; Querini, C. A.; Mendow, G. Transesterification of sunflower oil with ethanol using sodium ethoxide as catalyst. Effect of the reaction conditions. Fuel Process. Technol. 2015, 131, 29-35.

Lyth, S. M.; Shao, H.; Liu, J.; Sasaki, K.; Akiba, E. Hydrogen adsorption on graphene foam synthesized by combustion of sodium ethoxide. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2014, 39 (1), 376-380.

Rischio GHS e dichiarazioni precauzionali

Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H251-H314-H318

Self-heating: may catch fire. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.

Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P260-P280-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P304+P340-P310-P405-P420-P501a

Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Store locked up. Store away from other materials. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Altri riferimenti

Classe di rischio
Gruppo di imballaggio
Codice tariffe armonizzato


  • A11246

    Phenylhydrazine, 97%
  • A11498

    Ethyl cyanoacetate, 98+%
  • A12482

    Cyanoacetamide, 99%
  • L05673

    Sodium methoxide, 98%
  • 45590

    Sodium ethoxide, 21% w/w soln. in ethanol, packaged under Argon in resealable ChemSeal™ bottles

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