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Triisopropylsilane is used as a protecting group in peptide synthesis and is also used as a reducing agent for the selective reduction of anomeric C-phenyl ketals. It is used in the selective silylation of primary hydroxyl groups without affecting the secondary hydroxyl group. It is used in the preparation of anti-1,2-diols catalyzed by a Ni(O) N-heterocyclic carbine complex with high diastereoselectivity.
Selective silylation of primary OH groups in the presence of secondary has been carried out with this reagent in combination with CsF and imidazole: J. Organomet. Chem., 282, 155 (1985). See Appendix 4.
Triethylsilane and triisopropylsilane have been studied as cation scavengers in the deprotection of peptides with TFA, and were found to give good results, with triisopropylsilane being particularly effective in trapping trityl cations in the TFA deprotection of cysteine containing peptides. The use of triisopropylsilane minimizes the risk of reduction of the indole nucleus in tryptophan-containing peptides: Tetrahedron Lett., 30, 2739 (1989). See Appendix 6.
Lee, J. H. Reduction of a 4-pyrrole phenylacyl-containing peptide with trifluoroacetic acid-triisopropylsilane-phenol-H2O during solid-phase peptide synthesis and its protein kinase C alfa inhibitory activity. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 2005, 15 (9), 2271-2274.
Aihara, K.; Komiya, C.; Shigenaga, A.; Inokuma, T.; Takahashi, D.; Otaka, A. Liquid-Phase Synthesis of Bridged Peptides Using Olefin Metathesis of a Protected Peptide with a Long Aliphatic Chain Anchor. Org. Lett. 2015, 17 (3), 696-699.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H226-H315-H319-H335
Flammable liquid and vapour. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P261-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.