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Toluene is used as solvent for paints, paint thinners, silicone sealants, many chemical reactants, rubber, printing ink, adhesives (glues), lacquers, leather tanners and disinfectants. It is an important raw material to synthesize pharmaceuticals, paints, resins, dyes, toluene diisocyanate and explosives like trinitrotoluene. It is used as a standard material for chromatography and an analytical reagent. It plays an important role in the manufacture of benzene, xylene, phenol, poly urethane polymers, cosmetics and jet fuel blends. It is used as a fuel additive to increase octane ratings and as a coolant for its good heat transfer capabilities in sodium cold traps used in nuclear reactor system loops.
Hildebrandt Ruiz, L.; Paciga, A. L.; Cerully, K. M.; Nenes, A.; Donahue, N. M.; Pandis, S. N. Formation and aging of secondary organic aerosol from toluene: changes in chemical composition, volatility, and hygroscopicity. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2015, 15 (14), 8301-8313.
Zamboni, I.; Zimmermann, Y.; Kiennemann, A.; Courson, C. Improvement of steam reforming of toluene by CO2 capture using Fe/CaO-Ca12Al14O33 bi-functional materials. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2015, 40 (15), 5297-5304.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H225-H315-H361-H336-H373-H304
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes skin irritation. Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P260-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF SWALLOWED: IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.