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1,2-Ethanedithiol is used as a reagent in organic synthesis to convert carbonyl compounds to thioacetals (1,3-dithiolanes). It replaces the toxic reagent arsenic tirchloride, which is involved in the synthesis of membrane-permeant fluorogenic biarsenicals from precursor dyes fluorescein and resorufin. It acts bidendate ligand to form complexes with metal ions.
Cheng, S. C.; Wen, T. C. Robust SERS substrates with massive nanogaps derived from silver nanocubes self-assembled on massed silver mirror via 1,2-ethanedithiol monolayer as linkage and ultra-thin spacer. Mater. Chem. Phys. 2014, 143 (3), 1331-1337.
Liu, Y.; Kim, J.; Seo, H.; Park, S.; Chae, J. Copper(II)-Catalyzed Single-Step Synthesis of Aryl Thiols from Aryl Halides and 1,2-Ethanedithiol. Adv. Synth. Catal. 2015, 357 (10), 2205-2212.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H226-H301-H312-H330-H319
Flammable liquid and vapour. Toxic if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Causes serious eye irritation.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P320-P330-P405-P501a
IF SWALLOWED: IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). Rinse mouth. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.