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1-Butanol is used as a solvent for many organic reactions in pharmaceutical and chemical industry, as a solvent in coating industries and also used as a diluent/reactant in the manufacture of urea-formaldehyde and melamine-formaldehyde resins. It is used in the production of drugs, alkaloids, additive in floor cleaners, consumer products and stain removers. It is used as a mobile phase in paper and thin layer chromatography. It is also used as an alternative for gasoline and diesel fuels.
Wang, M.; Hu, L.; Fan, L.; Tan, T. Enhanced 1-Butanol Production in Engineered Klebsiella pneumoniaeby NADH Regeneration. Energy Fuels 2015, 29 (3), 1823-1829.
Zhang, X.; Yang, B.; Yuan, W.; Cheng, Z.; Zhang, L.; Li, Y.; Qi, F. Pyrolysis of 2-methyl-1-butanol at low and atmospheric pressures: Mass spectrometry and modeling studies. Proc. Combust. Inst. 2010, 35 (1), 409-417.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H226-H302-H315-H318-H335-H336
Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P261-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.