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Hexane mixed isomers are used in the laboratory to extract oil and grease contaminants from water and soil for analysis. As a non-polar solvent, it is used in chromatography. It plays an important role in the preparation of glues for shoes, leather products, and roofing. It is also used for reactions that involve very strong bases such as the preparation of Grignard reagents. Also involved in the preparation of organolithiums compounds, namely butyl lithium.
Herm, Z. R.; Wiers, B. M.; Mason, J. A.; van Baten, J. M.; Hudson, M. R.; Zajdel, P.; Brown, C. M.; Masciocchi, N.; Krishna, R.; Long, J. R. Separation of Hexane Isomers in a Metal-Organic Framework with Triangular Channels. Science 2013, 340 (6135), 960-964.
Titze, T.; Chmelik, C.; Karger, J.; van Baten, J. M.; Krishna, R. Uncommon Synergy between Adsorption and Diffusion of Hexane Isomer Mixtures in MFI Zeolite Induced by Configurational Entropy Effects. J. Phys. Chem. C 2014, 118 (5), 2660-2665.
Deng, Z.; Pera-Titus, M.; Guo, Y.; Giroir-Fendler, A. Molecular Sieving Separation of Hexane Isomers within Nanocomposite (B)-MFI-Alumina Hollow Fiber Membranes: A Modeling Study. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2010, 49 (22), 11697-11707.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H225-H315-H361-H336-H373-H304
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes skin irritation. Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P260-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF SWALLOWED: IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.