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Hydrogen peroxide is used as an oxidizing agent to prepare propylene oxide, dibenzoyl peroxide, lauryl peroxide, peracetic acid and meta-chloroperoxybenzoic acid. It is also involved in the production of inorganic chemicals like sodium perborate and sodium percarbonate, which are used as bleaching agents in detergents. It is an associated iron catalyst and utilized for waste-water treatment to remove organic impurities through an advanced oxidation process. It is also used as a laboratory disinfectant and as a topical antiseptic. In the cosmetic industry, it is used for bleaching human hair and tooth whitening by mixing with ammonium hydroxide and baking soda respectively. Monopropellant engines using hydrogen peroxide as the fuel are commonly used for air-independent underwater propulsion applications.
Moad, G.; Dagley, I. J.; Habsuda, J.; Garvey, C. J.; Li, G.; Nichols, L.; Nobile, M. R. Aqueous hydrogen peroxide-induced degradation of polyolefins: A greener process for controlled-rheology polypropylene. Polym. Degrad. Stab. 2015, 117, 97-108.
Sun, C.; Liu, R.; Cao, W.; Yin, R.; Mei, Y.; Zhang, L. Impacts of Alkaline Hydrogen Peroxide Pretreatment on Chemical Composition and Biochemical Methane Potential of Agricultural Crop Stalks. Energy Fuels 2015, 29 (8), 4966-4975.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H271-H302-H333-H318
May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer. Harmful if swallowed. May be harmful if inhaled. Causes serious eye damage.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P221-P283-P305+P351+P338-P306+P360-P371+P380+P375-P501a
Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF ON CLOTHING: Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes. In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.