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Methanol is useful in the synthesis of nucleic acids and peptides. It is used as an antifreeze, solvent, fuel, and as a denaturant for ethanol. It is also used for producing biodiesel. It is used for the synthesis of formaldehyde and acetic acid. It is also useful to make chemicals, to remove water from automotive and aviation fuels, as a solvent for paints and plastics, and as an ingredient in a wide variety of products. It plays an important role in the measurement of methyl ester content of pectin. Further, it is widely used as a solvent in synthetic organic chemistry.
Klhar, B.; Gimenez, S.; Zandi, O.; Santiago, F. F.; Hamann, T. Competitive Photoelectrochemical Methanol and Water Oxidation with Hematite Electrodes. Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2015, 7 (14), 7653-7660.
Icardi, U. A.; Specchia, S.; Fontana, G. J. R.; Saracco, G.; Specchia, V. Compact direct methanol fuel cells for portable application. J. Power Sources 2008, 176 (2), 460-467.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H225-H301-H311-H331-H370
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Toxic if inhaled. Causes damage to organs.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P260-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.