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Potassium cyanide is widely applied in organic synthesis for the synthesis of many organic compounds, for example in the synthesis of hydantoins, spiro heterocycles, nitriles, carboxylic acids, cyanohydrins and in von richter reaction. It is employed in gold mining, electroplating, and as a reagent in protein characterization.
For crown-ether promoted cyanation reactions and formation of a 1:1 crown-ether complex, see 18-Crown-6, A11249. For cyanation of alkyl halides using phase-transfer catalysis without solvent, see: Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 124 (1986). See also Sodium cyanide, L13278._x000D_/n
Raphulu, M. C.; Scurrell, M. S. Cyanide leaching of gold catalysts. Catal. Commun. 2015, 67, 87-89.
Johnströma, P.; Bergman, L.; Varnäs, K.; Malmquist, J.; Halldin, C.; Farde, L. Development of rapid multistep carbon-11 radiosynthesis of the myeloperoxidase inhibitor AZD3241 to assess brain exposure by PET microdosing. Nucl. Med. Biol. 2015, 42, (6), 555-560.
Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H300-H310-H330-H370-H372
Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Causes damage to organs. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P301+P310a-P304+P340-P320-P330-P405-P501a
IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). Rinse mouth. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.