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110-46-3 - Isopentyl nitrite, 97%, stab. with 0.2% anhyd. sodium carbonate - Amyl nitrite - Isoamyl nitrite - L13909 - Alfa Aesar

L13909 Isopentyl nitrite, 97%, stab. with 0.2% anhyd. sodium carbonate

Codice CAS
110-46-3
Sinonimi
Amyl nitrite
Isoamyl nitrite

Dimensioni Prezzo ($) Quantità Disponibilità
25ml 19,62
100ml 36,54
500ml 118,45
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Isopentyl nitrite, 97%, stab. with 0.2% anhyd. sodium carbonate

MDL
MFCD00002057
EINECS
203-770-8

Proprietà chimiche

Formula
(CH3)2CHCH2CH2ONO
Peso formula
117.15
Punto di ebollizione
95-100°
Punto di infiammabilità
-20°(-4°F)
Densità
0.875
Indice di rifrazione
1.3870
Sensibilità
Air & Light Sensitive
Solubilità
Miscible with methanol, chloroform and ether. Slightly miscible with water.

Applicazioni

Isopentyl nitrite is used in the conversion of 2,6-disubstituted phenols to diphenoquinones and aminophenols to quinone diazides. It acts as an oxidant and nitrosating agent. It finds application in aromatic arylation, deamination of arylamines using tetrahydrofuran as a hydrogen donor. It is also useful for the preparation of benzyne using anthranilic acid. It is an antihypertensive and vasodilator to treat heart diseases such as angina and an antidote for cyanide poisoning. Further, it is used as a solvent and cleaning agent for a printed circuit board. In addition to this, it is considered to be a replacement for freon.

Note

Air, moisture and light sensitive. Store in a cool place. Keep the container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Incompatible with oxidizing agents and alcohol.

Letteratura

Widely used in non-aqueous nitrosation and diazotization reactions.

For aromatic arylation as an alternative to the Gomberg reaction, see: J. Chem. Soc., 4257 (1962). For deamination of arylamines using THF as a hydrogen donor, see: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 541 (1973).

For use in the generation of benzyne from anthranilic acid, see: J. Org. Chem., 38, 3462 (1973).

ɑ-Amino esters are converted to ɑ-diazo esters: Tetrahedron, 31, 227 (1975).

For other reactions of alkyl nitrites, see Isobutyl­ nitrite, L05259 , and tert-Butyl­ nitrite, L16135 .

Liu, Z.; Zhu, S.; Li, Y.; Li, Y.; Shi, P.; Huang, Z.; Huang, X. Preparation of graphene/poly(2-hydroxyethyl acrylate) nanohybrid materials via an ambient temperature “grafting-from” strategy. Polym. Chem. 2015, 6 (2), 311-321.

Wang, Y.; Meng, L.; Fan, L.; Wu, G.; Ma, L.; Huang, Y. Preparation and properties of carbon nanotube/carbon fiber hybrid reinforcement by a two-step aryl diazonium reaction. RSC Adv. 2015, 5 (55), 44492-44498.

Rischio GHS e dichiarazioni precauzionali

Dichiarazioni di rischio (UE): H225-H331-H302

Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Toxic if inhaled. Harmful if swallowed.

Dichiarazioni precauzionali: P210-P261-P280-P240-P241-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P311-P405-P501a

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Altri riferimenti

Merck
14,5123
Beilstein
969510
Classe di rischio
3
Gruppo di imballaggio
II
Codice tariffe armonizzato
2920.90
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
NT0187500

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