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98-95-3 - Nitrobenzene, 99% - A10585 - Alfa Aesar

A10585 Nitrobenzene, 99%

CAS 번호
98-95-3
동의어

사이즈 가격 ($) 수량 재고 여부
500g 26.20
2500g 76.30
10000g 224.00
장바구니에 추가 대량 견적에 추가 항목 보기

Nitrobenzene, 99%

MDL
MFCD00007043
EINECS
202-716-0

화학적 특성

화학식
C6H5NO2
화학 식량
123.11
융점
5-6°
비등점
210-212°
인화점
87°(188°F)
밀도
1.196
굴절률
1.5520
용해도
Miscible with ethanol, diethyl ether, acetone, benzene and organic solvents. Slightly miscible with water and carbon tetrachloride.

용도

Nitrobenzene is used as a solvent and as a starting material in the organic synthesis for the preparation of aniline, benzidine, azobenzene, nitrosobenzene, phenylhydroxylamine and acetaminophen. It is also used as a solvent for electrophilic reagents in synthetic chemistry. Further, it is used to prevent the unpleasant odor in shoe, floor and metal polishes. It acts as a precursor to rubber chemicals, azo dyes and pharmaceuticals.

참고

Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents and strong bases.

참조 문헌

For selective reduction to phenylhydroxylamine with hydrazine hydrate in the presence of rhodium, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 8, 16 (1993).

Electrophilic iodination of the deactivated ring has been effected with N-Iodosuccinimide, A14320, in triflic acid: J. Org. Chem., 58, 3194 (1993).

Commonly used, high dielectric constant solvent, e.g. in Friedel-Crafts reactions. CAUTION! Exothermic reactions can occur with aluminum chloride.

Fu, L.; Cai, W.; Wang, A.; Zheng, Y. Photocatalytic hydrogenation of nitrobenzene to aniline over tungsten oxide-silver nanowires. Mater. Lett. 2015, 142, 201-203.

Boukobza, M.; Garnier, R.; Cleophax, C.; Baud, F. J. CT and MRI findings and follow-up after massive nitrobenzene ingestion. A case report. J. Neurol. Sci. 2015, 357 (1-2), 322-325.

GHS 해저드 및 주의 설명서

해저드 설명서 (EU): H227-H300-H310-H330-H351-H361-H372

Combustible liquid. Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Suspected of causing cancer. Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.

주의 설명서: P301+P310a-P304+P340-P320-P330-P405-P501a

IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). Rinse mouth. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

기타 참조

Merck
14,6588
바일슈타인
507540
위험 등급
6.1
포장 그룹
II
통합 관세 코드
2904.20
TSCA(독성물질규제법)"
Yes
RTECS(화학물질 독성 등록)
DA6475000

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