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30525-89-4 - Paraformaldehyde, 97% - Polyoxymethylene - A11313 - Alfa Aesar

A11313 Paraformaldehyde, 97%

CAS 번호
30525-89-4
동의어
Polyoxymethylene

사이즈 가격 ($) 수량 재고 여부
100g 22.00
500g 23.10
2500g 67.70
10000g 208.00
장바구니에 추가 대량 견적에 추가 항목 보기

Paraformaldehyde, 97%

MDL
MFCD00133991
EINECS
200-001-8

화학적 특성

화학식
(CH2O)n
융점
120-170° dec.
인화점
71°(159°F)
밀도
1.30
용해도
Soluble in hot water. Insoluble in water, ether and alcohol.

용도

Paraformaldehyde is used as a fumigant, a disinfectant and in the manufacture of synthetic resins like melamine resin, phenol resin and polyacetal resin. It is also used in cell culture. It also serves as a fixative in electron microscopy. It is also used in the preparation of formalin fixatives for tissues or cells.

참고

Store in cool place. Incompatible with brass, steel, copper, acid anhydrides, strong oxidizing agents and strong reducing agents.

참조 문헌

Formaldehyde monomer, generated by thermolysis, has been used for the ɑ-hydroxymethylation of dilithiated carboxylic acids. Dehydration of the products affords ɑ-alkyl acrylic acids: J. Org. Chem., 37, 1256 (1972). Monomeric formaldehyde can also be prepared as a THF solution by dehydration with p-Toluenesulfonic anhydride, L00160, and co-distillation of the monomer with the solvent: Synlett, 704 (1990). The use of anhydrous molecular formaldehyde for hydroxymethylation reactions has been discussed: Synlett, 227 (1990).

For use in the preparation of di-t-butyl methylenemalonate, see Di-tert-butyl­ malonate, A12774. For the direct ɑ-methylenation of ketones, see N-Methyl­anilinium trifluoroacetate, A17781.

For use in preparation of Mannich bases, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 3, 305 (1955); 4, 281 (1963). For reviews, see: Org. React., 1, 303 (1942); Synthesis, 703 (1973); Tetrahedron, 46, 1791 (1990).

In the presence of HCl, aromatics undergo chloromethylation. For reviews, see: Org. React., 1, 63 (1942); Russ. Chem. Rev., 46, 891 (1977). Caution! carcinogenic bis(chloromethyl) ether is formed in these reactions. In combination with Hydrobromic acid, A14475, the bromomethylation of aromatics has been effected: J. Org. Chem., 58, 1262 (1993). The same combination also N-bromomethylates phthalimide and other imides: Synlett, 933 (1994).

Reaction with dialkyl phosphites gives hydroxymethyl phosphonates, which, after O-protection, undergo the Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reaction to give enol ethers. See, e.g.: Org. Synth. Coll., 7, 160 (1990).

See also Formaldehyde, A16163 and 1,3,5-Trioxane, A15639 .

Suenobu, T.; Isaka, Y.; Shibata, S.; Fukuzumi, S. Catalytic hydrogen production from paraformaldehyde and water using an organoiridium complex. Chem. Commun. 2015, 51 (9), 1670-1672.

Fuentes, J. A.; Pittaway, R.; Clarke, M. L. Rapid Asymmetric Transfer Hydroformylation (ATHF) of Disubstituted Alkenes Using Paraformaldehyde as a Syngas Surrogate. Chem. Eur. J. 2015, 21 (30), 10645-10649.

GHS 해저드 및 주의 설명서

해저드 설명서 (EU): H228-H302-H332-H314-H318-H317-H351

Flammable solid. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Suspected of causing cancer.

주의 설명서: P210-P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

기타 참조

Merck
14,7025
바일슈타인
102769
위험 등급
4.1
포장 그룹
III
통합 관세 코드
2912.60
TSCA(독성물질규제법)"
Yes
RTECS(화학물질 독성 등록)
RV0540000

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