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75-52-5 - Nitromethane, 98+% - A11806 - Alfa Aesar

A11806 Nitromethane, 98+%

CAS 번호
75-52-5
동의어

사이즈 가격 ($) 수량 재고 여부
100g 26.40
500g 55.20
2500g 118.00
장바구니에 추가 대량 견적에 추가 항목 보기

Nitromethane, 98+%

MDL
MFCD00007400
EINECS
200-876-6

화학적 특성

화학식
CH3NO2
화학 식량
61.04
융점
-29°
비등점
101°
인화점
35°(95°F)
밀도
1.130
굴절률
1.3820
용해도
Miscible with ethanol, ethyl ether, acetone, carbon tetrachloride and alkali. Slightly miscible with water.

용도

Nitromethane is used as a stabilizer of halogenated organic solvents, rocket and racing fuel and a chemical intermediate. It is also used as a solvent for cyanoacrylate adhesives, polymers and waxes. It serves as a Michael donor, adding to alfa,beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds through 1,4-addition in the Michael reaction. It acts as a solvent used for extractions, reaction medium and as a cleaning solvent. Further, it is used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, explosives, fibers and coatings.

참고

Incompatible with amines, strong acids, strong bases, strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents and copper

참조 문헌

For conditions for the Henry (nitro-aldol) condensation of nitroalkanes with carbonyl compounds, see 1-Nitropropane, A11975 . In the Tiffeneau-Demjanov ring expansion of ketones, the nitro aldol is reduced to the ß-hydroxyamine before diazotization; see, e.g. (cyclohexanone to cycloheptanone): Org. Synth. Coll., 4, 221 (1963); review: Org. React., 11, 157 (1960).

For a review of the use of nitro compounds as alkyl anion synthons, including methods for removing the nitro group from the resulting carbon skeletons, see: Synthesis, 833 (1988).

For reaction with TosMIC adducts to give pyrroles, see p-Toluenesulfonyl­methyl­ isocyanide, A14312 .

For a brief feature on uses of this reagent in Organic synthesis, see: Synlett, 1174 (2007).

Brequigny, P.; Dayma, G.; Halter, F.; Mounaïm-Rousselle, C.; Dubois, T.; Dagaut, P. Laminar burning velocities of premixed nitromethane/air flames: An experimental and kinetic modeling study. Proc. Combust. Inst. 2015, 35 (1), 703-710.

Wang, C.; Wu, H. L.; Song, Y. F.; He, X.; Yang, Y. Q.; Tan, D. W. Intense pumping and time-and frequency-resolved CARS for driving and tracking structural deformation and recovery of liquid nitromethane molecules. Chem. Phys. Lett. 2015, 640, 101-105.

GHS 해저드 및 주의 설명서

해저드 설명서 (EU): H226-H302

Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed.

주의 설명서: P260-P370+P380+P375

Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. In case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

기타 참조

Merck
14,6611
바일슈타인
1698205
위험 등급
3
포장 그룹
II
통합 관세 코드
2904.20
TSCA(독성물질규제법)"
Yes
RTECS(화학물질 독성 등록)
PA9800000

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