2-Deoxy-D-ribose is used as a precursor to deoxyribonucleic acid. It induces apoptosis by inhibiting the synthesis and increasing the efflux of glutathione. Further, it is used in the synthesis of optically active dipyrrolyl alkanols from pyrroles on the surface of montmorillonite KSF clay.
Starting material for a free-radical coupling reaction (employing homolytic fission of a derivative with 2-Mercaptopyridine N-oxide, A14152) which provides a facile preparative method for C-nucleosides: Chem. Lett., 1673 (1992).
Koh, G.; Yang, E. J.; Kim, J. Y.; Hyun, J.; Yoo, S.; Lee, S. A. Intracellular glutathione production, but not protein glycation, underlies the protective effects of captopril against 2?deoxy?D?ribose?induced beta?cell damage. Mol. Med. Rep. 2015, 12 (4), 5314-5320.
Azofra, L. M.; Quesada-Moreno, M. M.; Alkorta, I.; Avilés-Moreno, J. R.; López-González, J. J.; Elguero, J. Carbohydrates in the gas phase: conformational preference of d-ribose and 2-deoxy-d-ribose. New J. Chem. 2014, 38 (2), 529-538.